Comprehensive Eye Exams
Comprehensive eye examinations should be a regular part of every person's healthcare routine. They are an important tool in eye health by detecting and preventing eye diseases and evaluating the overall health of the patient. Some diseases, such as glaucoma, develop gradually without symptoms of pain or vision loss, so patients may not notice that anything is wrong until significant and irreversible damage has been occured. Early detection of eye diseases allows for a choice of treatment options and a reduced risk of permanent damage.
Our practice tests vision and provides prescriptions for eyeglasses and contact lenses when necessary. We use state-of-the-art equipment and techniques to evaluate and maintain your overall eye health.
A regular eye examination encompasses comprehensive testing for the early detection of a range of problems including:
- Dry eye
- Macular degeneration
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Corneal disease
If any eye health issues are detected, an individualized treatment program will be designed to address the condition or prevent it from progressing.
LASIK, also known as Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis or laser vision correction, is a refractive procedure that reshapes the cornea to correct nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism.
LASIK is the most common type of refractive surgery. Using targeted excimer laser beam energy, the LASIK procedure reshapes corneal tissue to correct refractive errors so that light rays are focused more precisely on the retina to produce clear, sharp vision. LASIK offers many improvements over other refractive surgery procedures. These include little or no post-operative discomfort, immediate vision improvement, and the ability to drive or return to work quickly-sometimes as soon as the next day. Most patients require no corrective eyewear after surgery although patients over 40 may require reading glasses.
Candidates Eligible for LASIK
LASIK is considered a safe procedure, yet it is not ideal for everyone. A thorough medical evaluation of the patients eyes will be performed in order to determine if the LASIK procedure is appropriate, or if the patient would benefit from another type of refractive procedure.
Candidates eligible for the LASIK procedure include patients who meet the following requirements:
- Has had stable vision for at least six months
- Has a healthy cornea thick enough for a flap
- Has refractive errors that fall within the treatable range
- Are over 18 years old
- Not pregnant or nursing
- In general good health
It is also important for patients to fully understand the details and risks of the procedure, and maintain realistic expectations as to the outcome of the procedure. If our doctors feel that you are a candidate for LASIK, they will refer you to a LASIK surgeon. It is important to find an experienced surgeon equipped with the latest technology to ensure the best surgical results possible. Wichryk Eye Associates is also able to co-manage pre and post LASIK appointments.
Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a condition of the eyes in which nearby objects can be seen clearly, and but distant objects cannot. Almost a third of people in the United States experience some degree of nearsightedness.
Treatment of Myopia
Myopia is common, and usually easily treated. Patients are prescribed eyeglasses or contact lenses, both of which shift the focus of light directly onto the retina so that a clearer image is perceived. Depending on the patient's vision, corrective lenses will have to be worn during all waking hours, or only for certain activities, such as driving.
It is also possible to have surgery to correct myopia, which, in many cases, negates the need for corrective lenses. The most common surgical procedure performed to correct myopia is LASIK, during which an excimer laser is used to reshape the cornea.
Orthokeratology, also known as Ortho-K, is a nonsurgical alternative to myopia correction that is also available for children. The process involves reshaping the cornea with a series of custom-designed, gas permeable contact lenses that are worn during sleep. These lenses reshape the cornea overnight to provide improved vision during the day.
Patients can obtain clear vision, with no need for glasses or contact lenses, without refractive surgery. While results of Ortho-K are temporary, they can be maintained by wearing the retainer lenses overnight. In order to fit our patients in the most precise retainer lenses, our office utilizes diagnostic imaging by the Medmont Corneal Topographer which allows extreme accuracy for the mapping of a patient's cornea. As a member of the American Academy of Orthokeratology and Myopia Control (AAOMC), Dr. Wichryk is the only optometrist in the Lehigh Valley performing Ortho-K treatment and care.
The Benefits of Ortho-K
Corneal reshaping offers many benefits over other forms of lens correction, especially for those patients who do not wish to undergo surgery or do not want to deal with the hassle of wearing glasses or contacts every day. This noninvasive nonsurgical treatment achieves results while patients sleep, making it convenient for nearly anyone, including patients under 18. For more information on Ortho-K, click here or call to schedule a consultation with Dr. Wichryk.